Brittany Sporting Group
General Appearance A compact, closely knit dog of medium size, a
leggy dog having the appearance, as well as the agility, of a great
ground coverer. Strong, vigorous, energetic and quick of movement.
Ruggedness, without clumsiness, is a characteristic of the breed. He can
be tailless or has a tail docked to approximately four inches.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Height--17½ to 20½ inches, measured from the ground to the highest
point of the shoulders. Any Brittany measuring under 17½ inches or over
20½ inches shall be disqualified from dog show competition. Weight--
Should weigh between 30 and 40 pounds Proportion-- So leggy is he that
his height at the shoulders is the same as the length of his body. Body
Length--Approximately the same as the height when measured at the
shoulders. Body length is measured from the point of the forecast to the
rear of the rump. A long body should be heavily penalized.
Substance--Not too light in bone, yet never heavy-boned and cumbersome.
Expression--Alert and eager, but with the soft expression of a bird
dog. Eyes--Well set in head. Well protected from briars by a heavy,
expressive eyebrow. A prominent full or popeye should be penalized. It
is a serious fault in a dog that must face briars. Skull well chiseled
under the eyes, so that the lower lid is not pulled back to form a
pocket or haw that would catch seeds, dirt and weed dust. Preference
should be for the darker colored eyes, though lighter shades of amber
should not be penalized. Light and mean-looking eyes should be heavily
penalized. Ears--Set high, above the level of the eyes. Short and
triangular, rather than pendulous, reaching about half the length of the
muzzle. Should lie flat and close to the head, with dense, but
relatively short hair, and with little fringe. Skull--Medium length,
rounded, very slightly wedge-shaped, but evenly made. Width, not quite
as wide as the length and never so broad as to appear coarse, or so
narrow as to appear racy. Well defined, but gently sloping stop. Median
line rather indistinct. The occiput only apparent to the touch. Lateral
walls well rounded. The Brittany should never be
"apple-headed" and he should never have an indented stop
Muzzle--Medium length, about two thirds the length of the skull,
measuring the muzzle from the tip to the stop, and the skull from the
occiput to the stop. Muzzle should taper gradually in both horizontal
and vertical dimensions as it approaches the nostrils. Neither a Roman
nose nor a dish-face is desirable. Never broad, heavy or snippy.
Nose--Nostrils well open to permit deep breathing of air and adequate
scenting. Tight nostrils should be penalized. Never shiny. Color: fawn,
tan, shades of brown or deep pink. A black nose is a disqualification. A
two-tone or butterfly nose should be penalized. Lips--Tight, the upper
lip overlapping the lower jaw just to cover the lower lip. Lips dry, so
that feathers will not stick. Drooling to be heavily penalized. Flews to
be penalized. Bite--A true scissors bite. Overshot or undershot jaw to
be heavily penalized.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck--Medium length. Free from throatiness, though not a serious
fault unless accompanied by dewlaps, strong without giving the
impression of being over muscled. Well set into sloping shoulders. Never
concave or ewe-necked. Topline--Slight slope from the highest point of
the shoulders to the root of the tail. Chest--Deep, reaching the level
of the elbow. Neither so wide nor so rounded as to disturb the placement
of the shoulders and elbows. Ribs well sprung. Adequate heart room
provided by depth as well as width. Narrow or slab-sided chests are a
fault. Back--Short and straight. Never hollow, saddle, sway or roach
backed. Slight drop from the hips to the root of the tail.
Flanks--Rounded. Fairly full. Not extremely tucked up, or flabby and
falling. Loins short and strong. Distance from last rib to upper thigh
short, about three to four finger widths. Narrow and weak loins are a
fault. In motion, the loin should not sway sideways, giving a zig-zag
motion to the back, wasting energy. Tail--Tailless to approximately four
inches, natural or docked. The tail not to be so long as to affect the
overall balance of the dog. Set on high, actually an extension of the
spine at about the same level. Any tail substantially more than four
inches shall be severely penalized. Forequarters
Shoulders--Shoulder blades should not protrude too much, not too wide
apart, with perhaps two thumbs' width between. Sloping and muscular.
Blade and upper arm should form nearly a ninety degree angle. Straight
shoulders are a fault. At the shoulders, the Brittany is slightly higher
than at the rump. Front Legs--Viewed from the front, perpendicular, but
not set too wide. Elbows and feet turning neither in nor out. Pasterns
slightly sloped. Down in pasterns is a serious fault. Leg bones clean,
graceful, but not too fine. Extremely heavy bone is as much a fault as
spindly legs. One must look for substance and suppleness. Height at
elbows should approximately equal distance from elbow to withers.
Feet--Should be strong, proportionately smaller than the spaniels', with
close fitting, well arched toes and thick pads. The Brittany is
"not up on his toes." Toes not heavily feathered. Flat feet,
splayed feet, paper feet, etc., are to be heavily penalized. An ideal
foot is halfway between the hare and the cat foot. Dewclaws may be
Broad strong and muscular, with powerful thighs and well bent
stifles, giving the angulation necessary for powerful drive. Hind
Legs--Stifles well bent. The stifle should not be so angulated as to
place the hock joint far out behind the dog. A Brittany should not be
condemned for straight stifle until the judge has checked the dog in
motion from the side. The stifle joint should not turn out making a
cowhock. Thighs well feathered but not profusely, halfway to the hock.
Hocks, that is, the back pasterns, should be moderately short, pointing
neither in nor out, perpendicular when viewed from the side. They should
be firm when shaken by the judge. Feet Same as front feet.
Dense, flat or wavy, never curly. Texture neither wiry nor silky.
Ears should carry little fringe. The front and hind legs should have
some feathering, but too little is definitely preferable to too much.
Dogs with long or profuse feathering or furnishings shall be so severely
penalized as to effectively eliminate them from competition.
Skin-- Fine and fairly loose. A loose skin rolls with briars and
sticks, thus diminishing punctures or tearing. A skin so loose as to
form pouches is undesirable.
Orange and white or liver and white in either clear or roan patterns.
Some ticking is desirable. The orange or liver is found in the standard
parti-color or piebald patterns. Washed out colors are not desirable.
Tri-colors are allowed but not preferred. A tri-color is a liver and
white dog with classic orange markings on eyebrows, muzzle and cheeks,
inside the ears and under the tail, freckles on the lower legs are
orange. Anything exceeding the limits of these markings shall be
severely penalized. Black is a disqualification.
When at a trot the Brittany's hind foot should step into or beyond
the print left by the front foot. Clean movement, coming and going, is
very important, but most important is side gait, which is smooth,
efficient and ground covering.
A happy, alert dog, neither mean nor shy.
Any Brittany measuring under 17½ inches or over 20½ inches A black
nose Black in the coat
Approved April 10, 1990 Effective May 31, 1990